On January 1, 2014, the total population of the EU stood at 506.8 million, of which 472.8 million were nationals (citizens of the reporting country) and 34.1 million were foreign citizens. Of the latter group, 14.3 million were citizens of other EU member states and 19.8 were non-EU citizens.
Across the member states, the highest proportion of foreign citizens in the total resident population was recorded in Luxembourg (45.3%), where almost half of the population were not citizens of the country. Shares above 10% were also reported in Cyprus (19.5%), Latvia (15.2%), Estonia (14.9%), Austria (12.5%), Ireland (11.8%), Belgium (11.3%) and Spain (10.1%). By contrast, Poland (0.3%), Romania (0.4%), Croatia, Lithuania and Bulgaria (all 0.8%) all had shares of foreign citizens below 1%. In total, foreign citizens made up 6.7% of the resident population of EU member states on January 1, 2014.