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Minority shareholding: The unprecedented threat of Gazprom and Rosneft to EU energy market

Since the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952, energy policy has been at the centre of European legislation. According to the paper issued by the Commission in 1995, EU energy policy should be based on three pillars: sustainability, competitiveness and security of supply. […]


Opinion: Is international law really a law?

Although international law as a concept of general principles and customs has been known for centuries, reaching as back as Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome, discussions concerning its existence and common application reached its apogee only in the 20th century; however, neither the theoretical discussions, nor practical events managed to provide a definite answer to the most fundamental question, which is still being considered now at the time of unprecedented Russian aggression towards Ukraine and in the light of continuous conflicts in the Middle East: is international law, per se, real law? […]