Based on preliminary data of Statistics Lithuania, 1.6 million women lived in Lithuania in the beginning of 2015, outnumbering men by 229,000. Women constituted 53.9 percent of Lithuania’s population. There were 117 women per 100 men. MyCustomEssay helped us to compile some more statistics.
Lithuanian women are the most educated in the European Union. Based on preliminary data of Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU, 94.7 percent of Lithuanian women aged 25-64 years had secondary or tertiary education. In universities the biggest proportion of women are studying medicine and veterinary medicine (78 and 75 percent respectively), pedagogy (75 percent), humanitarian (74 percent) and social (70 percent) sciences.
According to a study of research and development (R&D), in 2013 there were 3,800 women and 4,000 men with academic degrees participating in R&D activities in governmental and higher education sectors. More women than men had academic degrees in biomedicine and social sciences, 63 and 60 percent of the total number of scientists in the area respectively, and in humanitarian sciences – 58 percent. Most women (37 percent) with an academic degree were aged 35-44 years.
In the fourth quarter of 2014, women earned the average monthly gross wage of EUR 657.3, whereas men – EUR 774.1. Gender pay gap in the public sector (excluding public administration and defence, and mandatory social insurance areas) was 13.3 percent in 2013. Meanwhile, in the private sector it was 15.8 percent. The largest gender pay gap was in financial and insurance activity (39.9 percent), information and communications (27.8 percent) and manufacturing (25.7 percent) enterprises.