“I would have been incorrect to leave without a reaction that Russia had violated Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty, which it was guaranteed under the Budapest Memorandum of 1994,” she said. “Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine, our eastern neighbours, have signed association agreements with the EU on their own sovereign decisions. Russia is preparing problems for these countries,” Merkel added.
Should it be necessary, she said, military assistance would be offered to Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
“We should observe Article 5 of the NATO agreement, which spells out the obligation to offer assistance to all partners in the alliance,” she said. “This is why, for example, we are offering assistance in guarding the Baltic air space, organise new rapid reaction force and cooperate with Poland and Denmark.”