Discoveries in the excavation of the Great Synagogue of Vilna @Vilnius City Municipality
History

Archaeologists uncovered one of two most sacred parts of Great Synagogue of Vilna

Two pillars were discovered during the archaeological research at the site of the Great Synagogue of Vilna in Vilnius, Lithuania. Located next to the pulpit (the Bimah), the pillars mark one of the two most […]

Antanas Kraujelis-Siaubūnas belt. Photo Gintautas Vėlius
History

Kraujelis-Siaubūnas’ sister: “I cried much, so much searching and suddenly – joy”

The remains of Antanas Kraujelis-Siaubūnas, which were discovered in Vilnius’ Našlaičių Cemetery are important for all of Lithuania, however, the final partisan’s relatives responded the most sensitively. His sister, Janina Šyvokienė-Kraujelytė says she never gave […]

Prof Dovid Katz @Arūnas Baltėnas
History

Prof. Dovid Katz: I live in Lithuania because I love it

The recent court case in which Lithuanian citizen, California resident, Grant Arthur Gochin, sued the state sponsored “Genocide Center” in Vilnius,  Lithuania for the removal of the plaque to General Jonas Noreika, has facilitated many […]

Map of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
History

Cartography of a private domain: the 1645 map of the Duchy of Biržai

European cartography experienced a considerable rise in the 16th and the first half of the 17th century when maps became a practical necessity. Their importance rose in Lithuania too as people required more precise pictures of different localities due to intensifying economic ties with Europe, military conflicts and local land and administrative reforms. This is how the view of southern Lithuania emerged in 1559 according to the description of forests by Grigalius Valavičius. […]

Rye
History

Food in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

In the 13th and 14th centuries, both pagans and Christians suffered from starvation because the lack of food was a common. Low economic productivity and the shortage of alternative crops to compensate poor harvests caused dire calamities to people’s lives, as did adverse weather conditions, plant and animal diseases, epidemics, and wars. Lack of everything, especially food, and repeated famines led to a form of social welfare. Those who could afford or had access to enough food and clothing would store everything safely in warehouses, barns or sheds. The abundance of food, which usually indicates prosperity, might, and wealth, accompanied by social responsibility, has been meticulously described in many sources while speaking of feasts, both pagan and Christian, which a generous and hospitable host was expected to arrange. […]