Cigarette smoke`
History

Smoking in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Tobacco (Latin: nicotiana tabacum) was first brought in Europe shortly after the discovery of the Americas but it was not until the second half of the 16th century that tobacco consumption became popular. […]

Mid summer celebration in Lithuania
History

Role of female slaves in the ancient Balts societies

Issues related to the history of slavery in Lithuania have neither been properly studied nor have they drawn a greater international attention yet due to the scarcity of sources. This aspect of the early history of Lithuania can be brought to light by employing only very sparse sources and the comparative context as the background. The social structure and evolution of Lithuanians and other Balt peoples resembled that of societies in Northern and Eastern Europe. The historiographic description of Lithuanians as “Vikings of the overland”, by Edvardas Gudavičius, represents more than a mere metaphor as it reveals typological similarities which become evident in comparing Viking and Curonian societies. The same is true speaking of other Balt tribes. […]

Old books
History

Educational Commission in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Pope Clement XVI’s decree pronouncing the closure of the Jesuit Order reached the Lithuanian and Polish Commonwealth in 1773. Jesuits have financed a number of schools in Lithuania and Poland, including the Academy of Vilnius. The state faced the tasks of making use of the huge wealth of the Order and of finding new supervisors of the schools or, in other words, of solving problems in the area of education. […]

Lithuanians responding to Russian MFA attempts to misinterpret facts about the post-war guerrilla action in Baltic states on Facebook
Uncategorized

Foreign Minister stresses importance of Facebook response to Russia

After thousands of Lithuanians responded on Facebook to the Moscow attempts to spread propaganda on post-war guerrilla in three Baltic states, Lithuania’s Foreign Minister Linas Linkevičius said that the Russian attempts to interpret history was a constant phenomenon, adding that the civil initiatives on social networks were very important. […]

A Lithuanian swamp in modern times
History

“A Land of Forests and Swamp.” The image of Lithuania in Medieval Europe

“Lithuania [Lectonia] is a province of Scythia, and its people are called Lithuanians. They are towering and strong, warlike and savage people. Lithuania is a land of fertile soil; much of it is swampland and covered with forests, watered with rivers and lakes; there are many beasts and animals there. The forests and swamps protect it; other than the lakes, forests and swamps, they have few fortified places [settlements]. And this is why it is doubtful whether this area could be conquered in summer, perhaps only in winter, when the rivers and other bodies of water are frozen over.” […]

Replica of the Byzantium Rumeli fortress built in 1452 m
History

Lithuanians through the eyes of the Byzantines

In terms of civilization, Byzantium represents the Christianized East, however if we travelled almost completely straight in a southwest direction, we would hits its center, Constantinople. In discussing Lithuania in the context of Eastern Christian civilization, we should remember the distinction of North and South, which during Antiquity coincided with the divide between civilized lands and barbaric lands. The rise of Northern Europe in the second millennium occurred as a result of the spread of Christianity, which at the time became synonymous with the spread of civilization. […]

The Great Vilnius Synagogue
History

Bankruptcy of the Jewish community in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Ideas about tremendous wealth of the Jews, their well-being, which was thought to have been created by incurring losses on the Christians, was prevalent in the society of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ( GDL and later periods). The reality, however, was quite different. Only a small part of the Jews was successful business people, the majority of them that engaged in small businesses, trade and crafts could hardly make both ends meet. […]

A knight
History

War Tourism in the 14 Century: what were European knights looking for in Lithuania?

The Teutonic Order was the first Western Christian state that Lithuania came into contact with. The members of the ecclesiastical knights’ order came from the Holy Lands in the 13th century to Prussia and Livonia still not knowing at the beginning that a minor part of their endeavors would gradually turn into the Order’s territorial state. It was only because of their setbacks (in the Holy Land, Hungary, and Cyprus) that forced the knights to focus their energy on the Baltic region. […]

No Picture
Economy

Lithuania wants to prove it was net contributor, not recipient of Soviet funds

As part of its effort to estimate the damage caused by the Soviet occupation, Lithuania wants to dig up archival documents to calculate the balance of financial flows between Vilnius and Moscow during that period, a method that has already been used by neighbouring Latvia, the daily Lietuvos Žinios reports. […]