History

During January 13 events important mission was entrusted by Lithuania to an Estonian

Mart Tarmak, Counsellor on Economic and Cultural Affairs, of the Estonian Embassy in Lithuania, last week remembered the events of January 1991, when he was entrusted an extraordinary task, Laima Lavaste wrote in lrytas.lt. 65-year-old […]

The King Mindaugas monument in Vilnius
History

Coronation of Mindaugas: do we really understand medieval monarchy?

The coronation of Mindaugas is viewed as the birth of the Lithuanian state, however we rarely consider whether we really understand what the title of king meant in the Europe of the time and who could legitimately pursue it. […]

Mid summer celebration in Lithuania
History

Role of female slaves in the ancient Balts societies

Issues related to the history of slavery in Lithuania have neither been properly studied nor have they drawn a greater international attention yet due to the scarcity of sources. This aspect of the early history of Lithuania can be brought to light by employing only very sparse sources and the comparative context as the background. The social structure and evolution of Lithuanians and other Balt peoples resembled that of societies in Northern and Eastern Europe. The historiographic description of Lithuanians as “Vikings of the overland”, by Edvardas Gudavičius, represents more than a mere metaphor as it reveals typological similarities which become evident in comparing Viking and Curonian societies. The same is true speaking of other Balt tribes. […]

Old books
History

Educational Commission in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Pope Clement XVI’s decree pronouncing the closure of the Jesuit Order reached the Lithuanian and Polish Commonwealth in 1773. Jesuits have financed a number of schools in Lithuania and Poland, including the Academy of Vilnius. The state faced the tasks of making use of the huge wealth of the Order and of finding new supervisors of the schools or, in other words, of solving problems in the area of education. […]

A Lithuanian swamp in modern times
History

“A Land of Forests and Swamp.” The image of Lithuania in Medieval Europe

“Lithuania [Lectonia] is a province of Scythia, and its people are called Lithuanians. They are towering and strong, warlike and savage people. Lithuania is a land of fertile soil; much of it is swampland and covered with forests, watered with rivers and lakes; there are many beasts and animals there. The forests and swamps protect it; other than the lakes, forests and swamps, they have few fortified places [settlements]. And this is why it is doubtful whether this area could be conquered in summer, perhaps only in winter, when the rivers and other bodies of water are frozen over.” […]

Replica of the Byzantium Rumeli fortress built in 1452 m
History

Lithuanians through the eyes of the Byzantines

In terms of civilization, Byzantium represents the Christianized East, however if we travelled almost completely straight in a southwest direction, we would hits its center, Constantinople. In discussing Lithuania in the context of Eastern Christian civilization, we should remember the distinction of North and South, which during Antiquity coincided with the divide between civilized lands and barbaric lands. The rise of Northern Europe in the second millennium occurred as a result of the spread of Christianity, which at the time became synonymous with the spread of civilization. […]