A girl with dolls from the Masha and the bear animation
CORPORATE

Lithuanian military representative: the information war is fought for hearts and minds

It has been known since ancient times that the greatest military victories are those achieved without firing a single shot. One of the means to do so is currently also one of the problems seen […]

Mid summer celebration in Lithuania
History

Role of female slaves in the ancient Balts societies

Issues related to the history of slavery in Lithuania have neither been properly studied nor have they drawn a greater international attention yet due to the scarcity of sources. This aspect of the early history of Lithuania can be brought to light by employing only very sparse sources and the comparative context as the background. The social structure and evolution of Lithuanians and other Balt peoples resembled that of societies in Northern and Eastern Europe. The historiographic description of Lithuanians as “Vikings of the overland”, by Edvardas Gudavičius, represents more than a mere metaphor as it reveals typological similarities which become evident in comparing Viking and Curonian societies. The same is true speaking of other Balt tribes. […]

Old books
History

Educational Commission in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Pope Clement XVI’s decree pronouncing the closure of the Jesuit Order reached the Lithuanian and Polish Commonwealth in 1773. Jesuits have financed a number of schools in Lithuania and Poland, including the Academy of Vilnius. The state faced the tasks of making use of the huge wealth of the Order and of finding new supervisors of the schools or, in other words, of solving problems in the area of education. […]

Istanbul
History

Forgotten neighbour of the Great Duchy of Lithuania – the Ottoman Empire

Moldova and the Tatar khanates were neighbouring political formations of the Great Duchy of Lithuania (GDL) territories between the Dniestr and Dniepr rivers in the 15th century. These lands of the GDL stood out for their differing climate, the steppes that spread out across them, and the few settled people that lived there. […]

A Lithuanian swamp in modern times
History

“A Land of Forests and Swamp.” The image of Lithuania in Medieval Europe

“Lithuania [Lectonia] is a province of Scythia, and its people are called Lithuanians. They are towering and strong, warlike and savage people. Lithuania is a land of fertile soil; much of it is swampland and covered with forests, watered with rivers and lakes; there are many beasts and animals there. The forests and swamps protect it; other than the lakes, forests and swamps, they have few fortified places [settlements]. And this is why it is doubtful whether this area could be conquered in summer, perhaps only in winter, when the rivers and other bodies of water are frozen over.” […]

Replica of the Byzantium Rumeli fortress built in 1452 m
History

Lithuanians through the eyes of the Byzantines

In terms of civilization, Byzantium represents the Christianized East, however if we travelled almost completely straight in a southwest direction, we would hits its center, Constantinople. In discussing Lithuania in the context of Eastern Christian civilization, we should remember the distinction of North and South, which during Antiquity coincided with the divide between civilized lands and barbaric lands. The rise of Northern Europe in the second millennium occurred as a result of the spread of Christianity, which at the time became synonymous with the spread of civilization. […]

The Great Vilnius Synagogue
History

Bankruptcy of the Jewish community in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Ideas about tremendous wealth of the Jews, their well-being, which was thought to have been created by incurring losses on the Christians, was prevalent in the society of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania ( GDL and later periods). The reality, however, was quite different. Only a small part of the Jews was successful business people, the majority of them that engaged in small businesses, trade and crafts could hardly make both ends meet. […]

A knight
History

War Tourism in the 14 Century: what were European knights looking for in Lithuania?

The Teutonic Order was the first Western Christian state that Lithuania came into contact with. The members of the ecclesiastical knights’ order came from the Holy Lands in the 13th century to Prussia and Livonia still not knowing at the beginning that a minor part of their endeavors would gradually turn into the Order’s territorial state. It was only because of their setbacks (in the Holy Land, Hungary, and Cyprus) that forced the knights to focus their energy on the Baltic region. […]

General Storm Jonas Noreika with his future wife Antanina Karpavičiūtė, Palanga circa 1936
Opinion

Do the thoughts, ideals, and actions of Jonas Noreika epitomize the very best of Lithuania?

Do the thoughts, ideals, and actions of Jonas Noreika epitomize the very best of Lithuania; one of cooperation, respect, and mutual appreciation? Are his ideals ones we want our children, and our children’s children to emulate, now only growing, maturing, seeking to be guided by us – their role-models and teachers? […]